Charles VII

(1403-1461)
   king of France
   Born in Mehun-sur-Yèvre, near Bourges, Charles VII, king of France (1422-61), was the oldest surviving son of King charles vi and isabeau of bavaria. During the civil war between the Armagnacs and the Burgundians, he left Paris and took refuge in Bourges. His mother had signed the Treaty of Troyes (1420), which disinherited him to the benefit of the king of England, Henry V, who was his nephew. Upon the death of Henry V, Henry VI of England succeeded him under the regency of the duke of Bedford. Charles VII was recognized as king of France only in the southwest and in the Midi. Despite the support of arthur III, count of Riche-mont, he did not have confidence in himself until he was recognized as the true king of France by jeanne d'arc, who liberated Orléans and had him crowned at Reims (1429). After a part of northern France was retaken (Orléanais, Vendômois, Champagne, Brie, Valois, Beauvaisis), Charles VII reconciled with philippe III le bon, duke of Burgundy, who had been allied with the English (by the Treaty of Arras [1435]). Paris being retaken (1436), and the truce of Tours signed with the English (1444), Charles Vii reorganized his kingdom, limiting the power of the papacy in France through the Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges, and created a new army by the ordinances of 1445-48 (companies of skilled archers were formed). He reestablished a sound currency and raised regular taxes. With his financial adviser Jacques coeur, France experienced a full economic uplift. Charles Vii rid the kingdom of swindlers and forgers and put down the praguerie revolt. Thanks to capable military leaders (jean dunois, philippe de la hire, jean bureau, jean xaintrailles), the reconquest of France continued. The victory at Formigny (1450) allowed the retaking of Normandy and Castillon (1453), the surrender of bordeaux (1453), and the recapture of La Guyenne, with only Calais remaining in the hands of the English. Charles VlI's mistress, agnes sorel, who was the first officially recognized favorite in French history, had an important influence on the king and his policies. Charles had earlier married marie d'anjou, who was the mother of louis xi.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • CHARLES VII — (1403 1461) roi de France (1422 1461) Fils de Charles VI et d’Isabeau de Bavière, le futur Charles VII était comte de Ponthieu et devint dauphin de Viennois à la mort de son frère Jean en 1417. Il apparut donc tardivement aux côtés de Bernard… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Charles VII — may refer to: Charles VII of Sweden, actually Charles I of Sweden (1161–1167) Charles VII of France, the Victorious (1403–1461) Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor (1697–1745) Charles III of Spain and Charles VII of Naples (1716–1788) Carlos María de …   Wikipedia

  • Charles VII — 1. ( Charles the Victorious ) 1403 61, king of France 1422 61 (son of Charles VI). 2. (Charles Albert) 1697 1745, elector of Bavaria 1726 45; emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 1742 45. * * * I born Feb. 22, 1403, Paris, France died July 22, 1461,… …   Universalium

  • Charles VII —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents souverains partageant un même nom. Charles VII est un nom porté par plusieurs souverains européens. Charles VII (v.1130 1167), roi du Suède de 1161 à 1167 Charles VII (1403 1461), roi de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Charles VII — noun King of France who began his reign with most of northern France under English control; after the intervention of Jeanne d Arc the French were able to defeat the English and end the Hundred Years War (1403 1461) • Syn: ↑Charles • Instance… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Charles VII — /tʃalz/ (say chahlz) noun ( Charles the Victorious ), 1403–61, king of France 1422–61 (son of Charles VI of France) …   Australian English dictionary

  • Charles VII — biographical name 1403 1461 king of France (1422 61) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Charles VII de France — Charles VII Charles VII Titre Roi de France …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Charles VII of France — Charles VII the Victorious Portrait of Charles VII, by Jean Fouquet, tempera on wood, Louvre Museum, Paris, c. 1445–1450 King of France Reign …   Wikipedia

  • Charles VII De France — Charles VII Roi de France …   Wikipédia en Français

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